What is blood ?

Blood is composed of 60% of liquid and 40% of solid. The Liquid part is called plasma and contains 90% of water and 10% of nutrients, hormones etc. If the amount of plasma part decreases in body, it can be easily recovered from food and medicines. But the solid part which contains RBC(Red Blood Cells) and WBC (White Blood Cells),once lost can not be recovered easily. This is where You come in. If RBC and WBC are lost in one's body than it could result in loss of his/her life. Blood cannot be manufactured; it can only be donated from human beings. So next time, don’t look for excuses as each time, you give blood, you save up to three lives and we never know that one day, you or a person dear to you could need blood or blood components.

You can make a real difference in someone’s life. Giving blood makes it possible for many people to lead normal healthy lives.  Every year thousands of patients require blood transfusions in our hospitals, because they are undergoing surgery, recovering from cancer, for Thalassemia patients, cardiac heart surgery patients  or have been in a serious accident. 

Fast facts on blood
  • Blood transports oxygen and nutrients around the body and removes cellular waste, among a range of other vital functions.
  • Plasma makes up 55 percent of blood content. The other 45 percent consists mainly of red blood cells and platelets.
  • Blood groups are categorized based on the antibodies and antigens in the cell. Receiving an incompatible blood donation can lead to fatal complications.
  • Anemia, blood cancer/leukamia, and clots are all potential disorders of the blood.

    What blood is used for
  • One in four people will need a blood transfusion at some point in their lives
  • Over 3000 pints of blood  are needed for transfusions every month in Mauritius
  • With an ageing population in Mauritius, there are serious concerns since there are more demand for blood, while supply is low. Patients' lives could be at risk and  during  long period of blood shortages, elective surgeries are cancelled. There are other patients who depend on blood and blood components for their survival like Thalassemia patients, cancer patients, dialysis patients, heart surgeries and accident victims
  • The National Blood Transfusion Service also known as  Blood Bank supplies hospitals and clinics  with blood and blood products 365 days a year
  • Blood is required for much of the services our health system provides. For example, a car accident victim may require up to 30 units of blood, a bleeding ulcer could require anything between 3 - 30 units of blood, or cardiac surgery may use between  8 to 10 units of blood
A typical unit of blood lasts for not more than 35 days, but in some cases such as blood components like platelets that are given to cancer patients, this component  must be used within 5 days of it's preparation

Video © Pharma Study